WIRED’s Danger Room had too much relevant content so far this year for it to make sense trying to repost it all. The code from pasting their headlines went haywire, no time to manually fix, sorry.
Posts Tagged ‘Energy’
Tags: American Imperialism, Big Brother, Crowd Control, DARPA, Drones, Energy, Google, Mad Science, PRopaganda, Spooks, The Pentagon
Tags: Activism / NWO Hacking & Survival, Energy
Tags: American Imperialism, Energy, Spooks, War on Terror
– Sibel Edmonds State Secrets Gallery Connects Pipeline Politics, Madrassas & the Turkish Proxies
In a recent immigration court case involving Turkish Islamic Leader, Fetullah Gulen, US prosecutors exposed an illegal, covert, CIA operation involving the intentional Islamization of Central Asia. This operation has been ongoing since the fall of the Soviet Union in an ongoing Cold War to control the vast energy resources of the region – Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan – estimated to be worth $3 trillion.
The scene for these dramatic disclosures was an application for a Green Card in the Eastern District Court in Philadelphia by “controversial Islamic scholar” Fetullah Gulen. Gulen, who has been living in the United States since 1998, argued that he qualified for the Green Card as “an extraordinarily talented academic.”
The court case was covered extensively by the Turkish press. Leading Turkish newspaper Hurriyet reported:
“Gülen’s financial resources were detailed in the public prosecutor’s arguments, which claimed that Saudi Arabia, Iran, the Turkish government, and the Central Intelligence Agency, or CIA, were behind the Gülen movement. It stated that some businessmen in Ankara donated 10 to 70 percent of their annual income to the movement and that it corresponded to $20,000 to $300,000 per year per person. It added that one businessman in Istanbul donated $4-5 million each year and that young people graduating from Gülen’s schools donated between $2,000 and $5,000 each year.”
Another leading Turkish newspaper reported (translated by Rastibini)
Among the reasons given by the US State Department’s attorneys as to why Gülen’s permanent residence application was refused, is the suspicion of CIA financing of his movement.
. . .
“There is even CIA suspicion”
“Because of the large amount of money that Gülen’s movement uses to finance his projects, there are claims that he has secret agreements with Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Turkic governments. There are suspicions that the CIA is a co-payer in financing these projects,” claimed the attorneys.
. . .
Among the documents that the state attorneys presented, there are claims about the Gülen movement’s financial structure and it was emphasized that the movement’s economic power reached $25 billion. “Schools, newspapers, universities, unions, television channels . . . The relationship among these are being debated. There is no transparency in their work,” claimed the attorneys.”
Who is Gulen?
Fetullah Gulen is “a 67-year-old Turkish Sufi cleric, author and theoretician,” according to a recent profile in the UK’s Prospect magazine. Prospect ran a public poll last month to find the world’s greatest living intellectual. Gulen ‘won’ the poll after his newspapers alerted readers to the poll’s existence. Gulen is also the leader of the so-called ‘Gulen Movement’ which claims to have seven million followers worldwide. The Gulen Movement has extensive business interests, including “publishing activities (books, newspapers, and magazines), construction, healthcare, and education.”
Gulen and the CIA
The fact that the prosecutors in the court cite documents that claim that Gulen has been financed in part by the CIA is remarkable for a number of reasons, even though there have been strong suspicions about the CIA’s involvement in the Gulen Movement for years. The Russian intelligence agency, the FSB, has repeatedly taken action against the Gulen movement for acting as a front organization for the CIA. In December 2002, Turkish newspaper Hurriyet reported:
“Russian secret service claims: Turkish religious brotherhood works for CIA
The FSB, the Russian intelligence organization formerly called the KGB, has claimed that the ‘Nurcus’ religious brotherhood in Turkey has engaged in espionage on behalf of the CIA through the companies and foundations it has founded. FSB head Nikolay Patrushev has mentioned the names of these companies and foundations, saying, ‘The brotherhood engages in anti-Russian activities via two companies, Serhad and Eflak, as well as foundations such as Toros, Tolerans and Ufuk.’ Patrushev has accused the brotherhood of conducting pan-Turkish propaganda, of trying to convert Russian youths to Islam by sowing the seeds of enmity, and of engaging in certain lobbying activities. These companies and foundations have turned up in the internet site of Fethullah Gulen alleged leader of the Nurcu religious community currently living in the United States who is a defendant in several court cases in Turkey, accused of engaging in anti-secularist activities.””
Russia has banned all of Gulen’s madrassas, and in April of this year, banned the Nurcu Movement completely.
The Gulen Movement founded madrassas all over the world in the 1990’s, most of them in the newly independent Turkic republics of Central Asia – Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan – and Russia.
These madrassas appear to be used as a front for enabling CIA and State Department officials to operate undercover in the region, with many of the teachers operating under diplomatic passports.
Why Central Asia?
Central Asia, with its vast energy wealth, is of major interest to US oil and gas companies. The region is also of key strategic interest in the ‘Great Game’ as Russia, China and the US compete for dwindling energy supplies. The US government has been using Turkey as a proxy to gain control over Central Asia via Pan-Turkic nationalism and religion.
Sibel Edmonds Case
Twenty six people wrote reference letters supporting Gulen’s application for a Green Card – most notably ex-CIA agent George Fidas, former Turkish ambassador Morton Abramowitz, and former CIA Deputy Director Graham Fuller who appears in Sibel Edmonds’ State Secrets Privilege Gallery.
I called Sibel Edmonds to comment on the latest revelations. She said:
You’ve got to look at the big picture. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the super powers began to fight over control of Central Asia, particularly the oil and gas wealth, as well as the strategic value of the region.
Given the history, and the distrust of the West, the US realized that it couldn’t get direct control, and therefore would need to use a proxy to gain control quickly and effectively. Turkey was the perfect proxy; a NATO ally and a puppet regime. Turkey shares the same heritage/race as the entire population of Central Asia, the same language (Turkic), the same religion (Sunni Islam), and of course, the strategic location and proximity.
This started more than a decade-long illegal, covert operation in Central Asia by a small group in the US intent on furthering the oil industry and the Military Industrial Complex, using Turkish operatives, Saudi partners and Pakistani allies, furthering this objective in the name of Islam.
This is why I have been saying repeatedly that these illegal covert operations by the Turks and certain US persons dates back to 1996, and involves terrorist activities, narcotics, weapons smuggling and money laundering, converging around the same operations and involving the same actors.
And I want to emphasize that this is “illegal” because most, if not all, of the funding for these operations is not congressionally approved funding, but it comes from illegal activities.
And one last thing, take a look at the people in the State Secrets Privilege Gallery on my website and you will see how these individuals can be traced to the following; Turkey, Central Asia, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia – and the activities involving these countries.
Many of the people in Sibel’s State Secrets Privilege Gallery are closely connected to Gulen, and each other, as well as the operations that Sibel mentions. Many of them have actively advocated for using Muslims to further their own needs – from Turkistan to Albania and Central Asia.
Marc Grossman, former State Department #3 and former Turkish ambassador, and one of the key named individuals in Sibel’s case, is currently receiving $1.2 million per annum from Ihlas Holding, a Gulen-linked Turkish conglomerate. Sibel has previously referred to Ihlas as ’semi-legitimate’ and ‘alleged shady’ – and emphasized that Grossman’s current payoff is a result of services performed while he was in office.
Grossman’s predecessor as ambassador in Turkey was Morton Abramowitz – in fact, Grossman actually worked under Abramowitz in Ankara for a number of years. During that period, the US opened an espionage investigation into activities at the embassy involving Major Douglas Dickerson, a weapons procurement specialist for Central Asia. Dickerson and his wife, an FBI translator, later became famous when they tried to recruit Sibel to spy for this criminal network.
Abramowitz, who is not listed in Sibel’s State Secrets Privilege Gallery, wrote a letter in support of Gulen for his immigration case. He has long advocated the use of Islamic fighters in furtherance of US interests, including the Afghan mujaheddin against the Soviets and the Kosovo Liberation Army during the war in the Balkans, acting as an advisor to the Kosovar Albanians.
Another player from Sibel’s Gallery is Enver Yusuf Turani – Prime Minister of East Turkistan, a ‘country’ recognized by only one country, the United States. East Turkistan, aka Xinjiang, is officially a part of China, and home to the Uyghur people and the “Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement,” a UN-nominated terrorist organization “funded mainly by Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda network and received training, support and personnel from both the al-Qaeda and the Taliban regime of Afghanistan.” In fact, the Uyghurs constitute a significant percentage of detainees – at least 22 – at Guantanamo Bay since 2001. Five of those have been set free, and were eventually sent to Albania, amid much controversy.
According to TurkPulse:
“One of the main tools Washington is using in this affair in order to get Turkey involved in the Xinjiang affair is some Turkish Americans, primarily the Fetullah Gulen team who are prosecuted in absentia in Turkey for trying to found a theocratic State order in this country because he runs his activities from the United States, his protégé. Another Turk used in this affair is Enver Yusuf Turani, who is the self styled Foreign and Prime Minister of the East Turkistan Government in exile. He has been an American citizen since 1998. Enver Yusuf is in close cooperation with Fetullah Gulen… Their activities for the government in exile are based on a report entitled “the Xinjiang Project” drafted by Graham Fuller in 1998 for the Rand Corporation and revised in 2003 under the title “the Xinjiang Problem.” It emphasises the importance of the Xinjiang Autonomous region in encircling China and provides a strategy for it.”
In fact, Abramowitz and Fuller were key players in the establishment of ‘East Turkistan,’
“proclaiming the government in exile within 4-5 months, starting in May (2004) and completing the proclamation in mid- September. The ceremony was held at Capitol Hill under American flags in Washington.”
Two others from Sibel’s gallery, Sabri Sayari and Alan Makovsky, have been similarly involved with Gulen, Fuller, and Abramowitz – co-authoring books and articles, making joint appearances, dinners etc.
Earlier I quoted Sibel saying
“And I want to emphasize that this is “illegal” because most, if not all, of the funding for these operations is not congressionally approved funding, but it comes from illegal activities.”
Where does this funding come from? Narcotics trafficking, nuclear black market, weapons smuggling, and terrorist activities. As Sibel makes clear in her The Highjacking of a Nation article, the management of the heroin industry from the farms in Afghanistan to the streets of London and elsewhere “requires highly sophisticated networks,” from the protection of the convoys from Afghanistan through Central Asia to their final destination, to the laundering of the billions of dollars in proceeds in Central Asian casinos and financial institutions in Dubai and Cyprus. “So, who are the real lords of Afghanistan’s poppy fields?” Sibel asks. The heroin trade finances al-Qaeda and the Taliban, but they aren’t the real lords of the poppy fields. Journalist Ahmed Rashid, author of “Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia ” and other similar books about these issues recently noted on Democracy Now that a “cartel” controls Afghanistan’s heroin, which supplies 93% of global heroin supply.
Sibel has been trying to tell us about these operations for years, but has been gagged by the State Secrets Privilege which was invoked citing certain ’sensitive foreign diplomatic and business relationships.’ These ’sensitive relationships’ have now been exposed to a degree, thanks to the immigration case against Mr Gulen – one of the Turkish operatives who have been fronting for the CIA in the Islamization of Central Asia, incorporating drug trafficking, money laundering, and the nuclear black market, and the convergence with terrorism.
One Last Question
At the end of our interview, Sibel asked me to leave you with this question:
“After 911, the US Government engaged in mock investigations and shut down many small Islamic charities and organizations, giving the appearance of action in the so-called ‘War on Terror.’ Why did they harbor, support and resource Fethullah Gulen’s $25 billion madrassa-and-mosque-establishment efforts throughout the Central Asian region and the Balkans?”
Tags: Al Gore, American Imperialism, Climategate, Energy, Hypocrisy, Psychological Warfare, WMD's
A mere acronym of 2 letters (DU) is all it takes to completely destroy Al Gore and his ‘projected’ divine destiny to save the earth from man-made environmental doomsday. But this lesson in hypocrisy doesn’t end there.
I hadn’t actually thought of the lynchpin point until I recently finished Al Gore’s Assault on Reason book. It should have been titled The Assault on Bush as he joked about it not being, in a video interview I seen somewhere online, because there’s hardly a page in it that doesn’t mention GWB and his minions. I counted 105 of 273 pages that included attacks on just the issue of Bush’s Iraq / Foreign-Policy for example.
One could hardly articulate such a sophisticated blackballing, however, Al Gore actually did while bending over backwards to not step into the “conspiracy theorist” world. And his trouncing of the Bush Junta is well deserved and I do recommend all people read this book for that reason, as well as not only his democracy / American history / Media coverage but perhaps most importantly for a lesson in observing left/right political bias.
It’s important that Gore didn’t go full blown conspiracy theorist as that would obviously implicate him with things like 9/11 and Depleted Uranium.
Dennis Kucinich is one of the few with the cajonas to address the DU issue.
In page after page Al attacks Bush’s very essence, and in particular Bush’s environmental policies and the Iraqi Invasion / Occupation. Al slams Dubya on Iraq, while patting himself on the back for the Balkans sectarian conflict that they engineered. The most notable common thread between these 2 conflicts and these 2 men is the Depleted Uranium issue. Others include the engineering conflicts, sectarian conflict scenarios, the use of Al Qaeda as an instrument of proxywars & related tactical subversiveness, and even oil (pipelines).
It turns out that DU has a 4.5 BILLION Year halflife. The “Clinton-Gore Administration”, as Al calls it at every chance in his book, used DU munitions in the conflict that started and lasted over virtually the entire 8 year reign of the Clinton-Gore Administration. To add insult to injury, Gore campaigned in 2000 on (imperialist) nation building, but then blasts Bush for his hegemonic Iraqi power grab because the only difference is that Americans also die this time around in an engineered sectarian conflict.
As a side-note, perhaps Al Gore inherited his stance on the use of Uraium was a weapon from his father.
In the late, 1950s Al Gore’s father, the senator from Tennessee, proposed dousing the demilitarized zone in Korea with uranium as a cheap failsafe against an attack from the North Koreans.
After the Gulf War, Pentagon war planners were so delighted with the performance of their radioactive weapons that ordered a new arsenal and under Bill Clinton’s orders fired them at Serb positions in Bosnia, Kosovo and Serbia. More than a 100 of the DU bombs have been used in the Balkans over the last six years.
This is what Depleted Uranium does to people:
In all fairness, GWB has become history’s master of the use of these weapons.
Now we have Shrub using the same stuff that is absolutely sure to contaminate the environment until what could be considered the end of time (astro-science models predict that the Sun and life on Earth will expire well before one billion years before the DU munitions reach their half-life), but oddly enough Al Gore somehow managed to forget to mention this little tidbit in his all out partisan Bush crucifixion hit-piece book, which focuses on both the Iraq imperial power move and the environment.
But the hypocrisy doesn’t end there. “The Assault on Reason” (emphasis his) includes an entire chapter on “The Politics of Fear”, which impressively includes the sort of neuro-psychological descriptions of mind matters many would expect from my own writings here at this blog. Now I present to you clear and obvious terrormongering pieces of video propaganda:
Example 1: Look at the language: “IT WILL SHAKE YOU TO YOUR CORE”, BY FAR, THE MOST TERRIFYING FILM YOU WILL EVER SEE”, “Think of the impact of a couple hundred thousand refugee’s, and then imagine a hundred million”, “NOTHING IS SCARIER”.
Note the use of New Orleans Katrina footage, and the fact that the vast majority of damage was due to flooding that was entirely mankinds fault.
And then note how at 2:17 of the trailer there is a 3 frame burst of a nuclear bomb explosion, which is entirely out of context of the presentation. For fairness, he does have a worthy context in the actual film where they use this same –arguably even then scaremonger– clip, but in the context of the preview -that potentially millions watched- it doesn’t fit.
Anyone with even a self-prescribed education in socio-psychological propaganda can quickly tell, from Al Gore’s book and online video interviews addressing it, that Gore is clearly trained in socio-psycholgical propaganda techniques, and because of this fact there is no excuse for the out-of-context terrormongering highlighted in that single clip, which continues on into the follow-up TV commercial:
Example 2: Added terrormonger language: “Grabs you like a thriller with an ending that will haunt your dreams”, “You will be captivated… then riveted… then scared out of your wits”. That cemmercial also includes about 1-2 frames of the same nuclear bomb mushroom cloud used in the An Inconvenient Truth trailer-terror piece.
To “emphasize this point”, about Gore’s hypocrisy, it’s best I point out that there are many pages in his book with entire paragraphs about the Bush Junta‘s selective cherry-picking use of facts and scientific information in regards to most particularly the Iraq War effort and environmental issues.
Gore often claims that “the debate is over” about “Global Warmming” , but it turns out that the debate is in fact not over (see here for some debate). But to directly address his self-described (on the back of the DVD package) “persuasive” propaganda-piece, his central argument is the 650,000 year ice-core ..
It’s just too bad that it’s well established that temperature always lead to the “complex relationships” that Gore presented as if the CO2 drove the temperature:
Ice cores show CO2 increases lag behind temperature …
This isn’t even merely a matter of him misreading some graph’s. He went to the extent of calling the ice core specialist as his special friend, and made it look cozy. How could Gore have not understood which came first? How would you not look to see which happens first, before making such strong statements. To waive his 650,000-year-resolution graph around -off of a scissor lift- like some sort of gospel is Hollywood trickery at ‘best’.
This scenario presents us with 2 options, that I can think of.
1) He deliberately engaged in disinfo.
2)He’s too incompetent to hold and so effectively propagate such a staunch belief.
In either case, this is but one of the many examples of Gore using sketchy science during his terrormonger campaign. For a complete lesson in Gore trickery have a look at A Skeptics Guide to An Inconvenient Truth.
Moving on, despite the reality where the D.U. weapons fact destroy’s Gore’s claim to trying to save the environment, this lesson in environmental hypocrisy doesn’t end there. For starters in the AIT film and book Al asks “Are you ready to change your life?”. It’s bad enough that YOU changing your life is the primary solution Al gives us in his film presentation, but then there’s the fact that he doesn’t practice what he preaches.
While he may buy “carbon offsets” each time he travels, it doesn’t change the fact that he flies more in one year than most humans will in their entire lives. He doesn’t just fly to in relations to his global warming activism either, but in that regards he claims in his film that he’s done over 1000 talks since 2001.
Sean Hannity’s excellent piece on Al Gore and jet travel.
(Although I loathe that man too.)
But perhaps his travels can be somehow ignored in light of what he tells us we should do, but unfortunately we can’t rationaize his home habits as being part of the effort to save the earth.
According to Schweizer, the Gores own three homes: a 10,000-square-foot home in Nashville, Tennessee; a 4,000-square-foot home in Arlington, Virginia (across the Potomac River from Washington, DC); and a third home of undisclosed size in Carthage, Tennessee. Neutral Source has verified the Gores own a 2.1 acre property at 312 Lynnwood Blvd. in the Belle Meade section of Nashville, Tennessee (Parcel ID 11611005600). Its assessed value in January 2005 was $3 million, but we have not been able to validate Schweizer’s claims about its size. So we performed a search and found 15 single-family homes on the market in the Gores’ Nashville neighborhood with asking prices of $3 million or more. Of the 298 neighborhood properties on the market, only three are listed at $3 million or more. According to MLS data, these houses are 9.727, 7,340, and 9,878 square feet respectively. So we can confirm that it’s quite plausible that the Gores’ Nashville home is, as Schweizer claims, 10,000 square feet.
So what does that mean?
Still, a rough approximation of the Gores’ residential CO2 emissions can be obtained by assuming that CarbonCounter’s “average” really means “median.” This yields 26 tons x 9.2 = 239 tons CO2 per year. CarbonCounter will “offset” the Gores’ CO2 emissions for a contribution of $10 per ton, and certainly they can afford the $2,390 contribution that CarbonCounter says will buy residential “carbon neutrality.” But actually making a large reduction in CO2 emissions from 17,000 square feet of residential living space would be both very challenging technically, and much more expensive. The Gores are easily capable of being CO2 Pragmatists with respect to residential carbon neutrality, but they cannot be CO2 Puritans without completely abandoning their lifestyle.
In plain English:
So here we have Al Gore telling us that we need change our lives, meanwhile he’s using 20+ times the amount of energy as something like 90+% of the rest of the world population.
While we’re on the energy topic perhaps it’s best to point out that Gore has a record of relations with oil ‘interests’.
Al Gore: The Other Oil Candidate – Corpwatch, August 29th, 2000
For thousands of years, the Kitanemuk Indians made their home in the Elk Hills of central California. Come February 2001, the last of the 100 burial grounds, holy places and other archaeological sites of the Kitanemuks will be obliterated by the oil drilling of Occidental Petroleum Company. Oxy’s plans will “destroy forever the evidence that we once existed on this land,” according to Dee Dominguez, a Kitanemuk whose great grandfather was a signatory to the 1851 treaty that surrendered the Elk Hills.
Occidental’s planned drilling of the Elk Hills doesn’t only threaten the memory of the Kitanemuk. Environmentalists say a rare species of fox, lizard and the kangaroo rat would also be threatened by Oxy’s plans. A lawsuit has been filed under the Endangered Species Act. But none of that has given pause to Occidental or the politician who helped engineer the sale of the drilling rights to the federally-owned Elk Hills. That politician is Al Gore.
So in light of that, along with the Clinton-Gore engineered Bosnia-Kosovo proxywar for oil-pipelines, it seems obvious that Gore is a tad more oil friendly than one would expect. It should also be pointed out that Gore was one of only 10 Democrats to break ranks and support the Persian Gulf War, which is interesting considering the history of that conflict. That’s all too bad because US Foreign Policy and wars in general are probably the biggest contributers to the environmental footprint of us human beings.
Ron Paul: the CIA / Foreign Policy contributing to Global Warming; at time 2:25.
Al Gore supports nation building:
Q. Bush made nation-building a point of difference with you [in the Oct. 3 debate].
A. I think that phrase taps into a legitimate concern about how far we should go and how long we should be involved. But it’s not a new mission. The Marshall Plan was about nation-building. And the generation that won World War II, having seen the catastrophe of the interwar period in the 20’s and 30’s, wisely decided that nation-building was a preferable alternative to World War III. And it was a stunning success. source
As proven under Clinton-Gore and Bush-Cheney “nation building” also means war, and that brings us to the next big Bush-Gore parallel of hypocrisy. It turns out that both Bush and Gore brag about their Christian faiths, yet somehow each is engaged in the same goal which is a de facto ‘god on earth’ artificial intelligence system.
While Bush is driving this initiative through with excessive militarism, Al Gore on the other hand is driving the same goal with his friends at NASA and Google. Gore is arguably the main man behind this effort, being right in the center of the eye of this whirlwind down there at the main Googleplex HQ, which is situated right next door to the NASA Ames Research Center, in Silicon Valley, where NASA and Google in 2005 entered a partnership in the development of cognitive artificial intelligence.
It’s hard to imagine why a professed ‘man of the faith’ would take part in such an operation, but then again maybe his words on the Larry King Show -in reference to “global warming”- may shed some light on this contradiction: “It’s really a spiritual issue.”
In closing, RAGE said it best:
A comprehensive new MIT-led study of the potential for geothermal energy within the United States has found that mining the huge amounts of heat that reside as stored thermal energy in the Earth’s hard rock crust could supply a substantial portion of the electricity the United States will need in the future, probably at competitive prices and with minimal environmental impact.
An 18-member panel led by MIT prepared the 400-plus page study, titled “The Future of Geothermal Energy” (PDF, 14.1 MB). Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, it is the first study in some 30 years to take a new look at geothermal, an energy resource that has been largely ignored.
The goal of the study was to assess the feasibility, potential environmental impacts and economic viability of using enhanced geothermal system (EGS) technology to greatly increase the fraction of the U.S. geothermal resource that could be recovered commercially.
Although geothermal energy is produced commercially today and the United States is the world’s biggest producer, existing U.S. plants have focused on the high-grade geothermal systems primarily located in isolated regions of the west. This new study takes a more ambitious look at this resource and evaluates its potential for much larger-scale deployment.
“We’ve determined that heat mining can be economical in the short term, based on a global analysis of existing geothermal systems, an assessment of the total U.S. resource and continuing improvements in deep-drilling and reservoir stimulation technology,” said panel head Jefferson W. Tester, the H. P. Meissner Professor of Chemical Engineering at MIT.
“EGS technology has already been proven to work in the few areas where underground heat has been successfully extracted. And further technological improvements can be expected,” he said.
The expert panel offers a number of recommendations to develop geothermal as a major electricity supplier for the nation. These include more detailed and site-specific assessments of the U.S. geothermal resource and a multiyear federal commitment to demonstrate the concept in the field at commercial scale.
The new assessment of geothermal energy by energy experts, geologists, drilling specialists and others is important for several key reasons, Tester said.
First, fossil fuels–coal, oil and natural gas–are increasingly expensive and consumed in ever-increasing amounts. Second, oil and gas imports from foreign sources raise concerns over long-term energy security. Third, burning fossil fuels dumps carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere. Finally, heat mining has the potential to supply a significant amount of the country’s electricity currently being generated by conventional fossil fuel, hydroelectric and nuclear plants.
The study shows that drilling several wells to reach hot rock and connecting them to a fractured rock region that has been stimulated to let water flow through it creates a heat-exchanger that can produce large amounts of hot water or steam to run electric generators at the surface. Unlike conventional fossil-fuel power plants that burn coal, natural gas or oil, no fuel would be required. And unlike wind and solar systems, a geothermal plant works night and day, offering a non-interruptible source of electric power.
Prof. Tester and panel member David Blackwell, professor of geophysics at Southern Methodist University in Texas, also point out that geothermal resources are available nationwide, although the highest-grade sites are in western states, where hot rocks are closer to the surface, requiring less drilling and thus lowering costs.
The panel also evaluated the environmental impacts of geothermal development, concluding that these are “markedly lower than conventional fossil-fuel and nuclear power plants.”
“This environmental advantage is due to low emissions and the small overall footprint of the entire geothermal system, which results because energy capture and extraction is contained entirely underground, and the surface equipment needed for conversion to electricity is relatively compact,” Tester said.
The report also notes that meeting water requirements for geothermal plants may be an issue, particularly in arid regions. Further, the potential for seismic risk needs to be carefully monitored and managed.
According to panel member M. Nafi Toksöz, professor of geophysics at MIT, “geothermal energy could play an important role in our national energy picture as a non-carbon-based energy source. It’s a very large resource and has the potential to be a significant contributor to the energy needs of this country.”
Toksöz added that the electricity produced annually by geothermal energy systems now in use in the United States at sites in California, Hawaii, Utah and Nevada is comparable to that produced by solar and wind power combined. And the potential is far greater still, since hot rocks below the surface are available in most parts of the United States.
Even in the most promising areas, however, drilling must reach depths of 5,000 feet or more in the west, and much deeper in the eastern United States. Still, “the possibility of drilling into these rocks, fracturing them and pumping water in to produce steam has already been shown to be feasible,” Toksöz said.
Panel member Brian Anderson, an assistant professor at West Virginia University, noted that the drilling and reservoir technologies used to mine heat have many similarities to those used for extracting oil and gas. As a result, the geothermal industry today is well connected technically to two industry giants in the energy arena, oil and gas producers and electric power generators. With increasing demand for technology advances to produce oil and gas more effectively and to generate electricity with minimal carbon and other emissions, an opportunity exists to accelerate the development of EGS by increased investments by these two industries.
Government-funded research into geothermal was very active in the 1970s and early 1980s. As oil prices declined in the mid-1980s, enthusiasm for alternative energy sources waned, and funding for research on renewable energy and energy efficiency (including geothermal) was greatly reduced, making it difficult for geothermal technology to advance. “Now that energy concerns have resurfaced, an opportunity exists for the U.S. to pursue the EGS option aggressively to meet long-term national needs,” Tester observed.
Tester and colleagues emphasize that federally funded engineering research and development must still be done to lower risks and encourage investment by early adopters. Of particular importance is to demonstrate that EGS technology is scalable and transferable to sites in different geologic settings.
In its report, the panel recommends that:
- More detailed and site-specific assessments of the U.S. geothermal energy resource should be conducted.
- Field trials running three to five years at several sites should be done to demonstrate commercial-scale engineered geothermal systems.
- The shallow, extra-hot, high-grade deposits in the west should be explored and tested first.
- Other geothermal resources such as co-produced hot water associated with oil and gas production and geopressured resources should also be pursued as short-term options.
- On a longer time scale, deeper, lower-grade geothermal deposits should be explored and tested.
- Local and national policies should be enacted that encourage geothermal development.
- A multiyear research program exploring subsurface science and geothermal drilling and energy conversion should be started, backed by constant analysis of results.
Besides Tester, Blackwell, Toksöz and Anderson, members of the panel include: geomechanics expert Anthony Batchelor, managing director of GeoScience Ltd. in the United Kingdom; reservoir engineer Roy Baria from the United Kingdom; geophysicists Maria Richards and Petru Negraru at Southern Methodist University; mechanical engineer Ronald DiPippo, an emeritus professor at the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth; risk analyst Elisabeth Drake at MIT; chemist John Garnish, former director of geothermal programs of the European Commission; drilling expert Bill Livesay; economist Michal Moore at the University of Calgary in Canada, former California energy commissioner and chief economist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory; commercial power conversion engineer Kenneth Nichols; geothermal industry expert Susan Petty; and petroleum engineering consultant Ralph Veatch Jr. Additional project support came from Chad Augustine, Enda Murphy and Gwen Wilcox at MIT.
Tags: Energy, Middle East, Neocons
When you consider John McCain’s ties to Big Oil, the GOP candidate’s claim to be a political maverick taking on special interests is nothing short of absurd. According to Progressive Media USA, a Washington, DC-based non-profit, the Arizona Senator has benefited handily from the oil sector. Indeed, McCain has netted at least $700,000 from the oil and gas industry since 1989.
In Congress, he has worked tirelessly to advance the interests of the oil industry. For example, McCain’s tax plan gives the top five oil companies $3.8 billion a year in tax breaks. McCain meanwhile has voted against reducing dependence on foreign oil, has twice rejected windfall profits tax for Big Oil, and has voted against taxing oil companies to provide a $100 rebate to consumers. If that were not enough, McCain also made a risky political decision recently to back new offshore oil drilling in the US.
McCain, Iraq and Chevron
Moreover, oil companies that have contributed to McCain have benefited greatly in terms of their foreign operations. One might cite the case of Chevron, for example, which has donated to McCain’s cloak-and-dagger International Republican Institute (IRI). Though the Arizona Senator seldom talks about it, he has gotten much of his foreign policy experience working with the operation. Since 1993, McCain has served as chair of the outfit, which is funded by the US government and private money. The group, which receives tens of millions of taxpayer dollars each year, claims to promote democracy worldwide.
The hottest country in which IRI currently operates is Iraq. According to the IRI’s own web site, since the summer of 2003 the organization “has conducted a multi-faceted program aimed at promoting the development of democracy in Iraq. Toward this end, IRI works with political parties, indigenous civil society groups, and elected and other government officials. In support of these efforts, IRI also conducts numerous public opinion research projects and assists its Iraqi partners in the production of radio and television ads and programs.”
Prior to 2003, McCain was one of the biggest proponents of invading Iraq. Now that US forces are installed in the Middle Eastern nation, McCain wants the occupation to continue indefinitely, even for “a thousand” or “a million years.” Upon closer scrutiny, it is clear that oil companies have benefited from McCain’s hawkish Iraq policy. Though George Bush has scoffed at suggestions that the invasion of Iraq had anything to do with oil, recent press reports give some credence to such claims.
In April of this year, Chevron announced that it was involved in discussions with the Iraqi Oil Ministry to increase production in an important oil field in southern Iraq. The discussions were aimed at finalizing a two-year deal, or technical support agreement, to boost production at the West Qurna Stage 1 oil field near Basra, Iraq’s second-largest city. Since McCain solidified his position as the GOP’s nominee, Chevron Chairman David O’Reilly gave $28,500 to the GOP. Meanwhile lobbyist Wayne Berman, McCain’s national finance co-chairman, counts Chevron as one of his principal clients.
Colombia’s Oil Profile
Another war-torn country attracting McCain’s attention is Colombia. In early July, McCain took valuable time out of his presidential campaign to visit the Andean nation. Catching a fast ride on a Colombian drug interdiction boat near Cartagena, McCain praised the government for prosecuting the drug war and making “substantial and positive” progress on human rights. Contrasting himself to his presidential opponent Barack Obama, McCain endorsed the pending trade deal with the South American country.
For the most part, the US media ignores Colombia. When it does cover the Andean nation, it tends to focus on drug-related issues and cocaine production. As a result, the US public doesn’t know that Colombia is also a huge oil producer and that the US has important economic interests in this part of the world. US officials would like to guarantee a safe and steady supply of crude from neighboring countries like Venezuela and Colombia, thus lessening dependence on Middle East providers. Today, Colombia is the United States’ 12th largest foreign oil supplier (and third largest in South America after Venezuela and Ecuador) and ships 150,000 barrels of oil per day to the American market.
According to Oil and Gas Journal, Colombia had 1.45 billion barrels of proven crude oil reserves in 2007, the fifth-largest in South America. The bulk of Colombia’s crude oil production occurs in the Andes foothills and the eastern Amazonian jungles. However, vast unexplored and potentially hydrocarbon-rich territories remain in the country, which shares many of the geological features of oil-rich neighbor Venezuela.
Since 1999, Colombia’s government has undertaken extraordinary measures to make the investment climate more attractive to foreign oil companies (in this sense, Colombia differs from other South American countries which have adopted a more nationalistic oil policy). The authorities for example have allowed petroleum corporations to own 100 percent stakes in oil ventures. The government has also established a lower, sliding-scale royalty rate on oil projects, mandated longer exploration licenses and forced the state-owned oil company Ecopetrol to compete with private operators. According to the US Energy Information Administration, the measures “have contributed to creating one of the most attractive oil investment regimes in the world.”
McCain’s Colombia Ties
One firm attracted by the generous new financial terms has been Chevron, the same company that contributed to McCain’s campaigns and the IRI and which has benefited handsomely from the opening up of Iraqi fields. In association with Ecopetrol, Chevron operates the Ballena and Riohacha natural gas fields in the Guajira province of northeastern Colombia. Chevron’s total daily average production in 2007 was 469 million cubic feet of gas per day.
But McCain’s Colombia ties go much deeper than this.
As Sam Stein noted on the Huffington Post, McCain’s “position as an independent arbitrator on Colombia—a country often criticized for its labor and human rights practices—is undermined by a bevy of advisers who have earned large amounts either lobbying for the Colombia Free Trade Agreement, or representing corporations that do business with that country.”
To get a sense of the scope of McCain’s conflict of interest on Colombia one need look no farther than Charlie Black, a senior adviser to the Arizona senator. A successful 60-year-old Washington lobbyist, Black is a notorious figure within the GOP. Over the course of his career he has gained a reputation as a ruthless operator with a merciless instinct for exposing an opponent’s flaws.
Black, who enjoyed stints as campaign operator for George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, got to know John McCain in the late 1970s when the future Arizona senator worked as the Navy’s liaison to the Senate. In 1996, the pair became close while working on Senator Phil Gramm’s failed presidential bid. Today, Black is a frequent McCain campaign surrogate on television. On the trail he sits in a big swivel chair at the front of the “Straight Talk Express,” joining in McCain’s rolling news conferences.
Black’s Washington, DC public relations firm BKSH has developed a reputation for taking on foreign clients who display scant regard for human rights. In 1998, Black agreed to represent Occidental Petroleum (or Oxy), an energy company based in Los Angeles, California. At the time, the GOP spin master was surely aware of Occidental’s sordid past. In Colombia, the company had already acquired a reputation for its brutal and militaristic policies.
Charlie Black and Santo Domingo Massacre
The same year Black took on Occidental, the company was embroiled in controversy when the Colombian Air Force dropped cluster bombs on Santo Domingo, a village near an Occidental pipeline, killing 18 innocent civilians. Human rights groups and Colombian government officials said the bombing was a mistake that occurred because three employees of a Florida-based aerial security company employed by Occidental to monitor guerrilla movements had provided incorrect coordinates to Colombian military pilots.
The US employees of the security company dropped out of sight and Colombian government efforts to have them handed over for questioning and perhaps trial proved fruitless. Frustrated by the security company’s stonewalling, human rights groups filed suit in California in 2003 and 2004 against Occidental. Occidental still denies any responsibility for the bombing of Santo Domingo, and has claimed that it “has not and does not provide lethal aid to Colombia’s armed forces.”
Such affairs were apparently of little concern to Black, who lobbied Congress, the State Department, and the White House on Occidental’s behalf regarding “general energy issues” and “general trade issues” involving Colombia. McCain’s PR man also fought to win foreign assistance to Colombia and to block an economic embargo against the South American country.
Occidental and the U’wa
The Santo Domingo massacre was certainly a black mark on Occidental’s record. However, there were yet more controversies in store for the company.
Under an agreement with the Colombian government, Oxy acquired the right to explore for oil in the country’s northeast. Unfortunately, in granting Oxy its exploration permit, the government ignored a constitutional requirement that native peoples within the area be consulted first. Oxy quickly became embroiled in conflict with the indigenous U’wa, whose territory was nestled in the misty forests of northeast Colombia near the border with Venezuela.
As company geologists and engineers moved in to build roads through the indigenous reservation, so too did the Colombian army, which installed two military bases in the vicinity. It wasn’t long before the military began to harass local residents.
Known as a proud, strongly rooted people, the U’wa repeatedly denounced Occidental’s oil operation. The U’wa argued that oil exploration would threaten their people, damage the land, fill their territory with alien workers and destroy the world they knew. At one point the approximately 5,000 U’wa even threatened to commit collective suicide by leaping from a cliff unless the oil company stopped operations on their territory.
Tensions were ratcheted up when, in February 2000, Oxy began construction on its Gibraltar 1 drill site. Some 2,700 U’wa Indians, local farmers, students, and union members immediately attempted to stop Oxy’s construction. When indigenous peoples sought to prevent trucks from reaching the construction site, riot police used tear gas to break up a road blockade. Three U’wa children were drowned in a fast-flowing river as the U’wa fled the attack.
Two months later, when Oxy began to move heavy equipment and materials into the area, the U’wa again blocked local roads. While the protesters permitted other traffic to pass, they laid their bodies in front of Occidental trucks. In June, the government sent in riot police and soldiers; 28 demonstrators were subsequently injured and 33 arrested. Believing that the area might contain up to 1.5 billion barrels of oil, Occidental shortly thereafter began test drilling on U’wa ancestral lands.
Promoting Oil Development through Militarization
Even as tensions escalated within the U’wa reserve, McCain adviser Black was unperturbed. According to Atossa Soltani, executive director of Amazon Watch, a human rights group that works on behalf of Colombian indigenous groups opposed to oil drilling, Black was “very active” while Congress was debating a $1.3 billion military assistance package to Colombia that became law in 2000. “We’d be making the rounds in Congress,” Soltani said, “and Oxy would be there making the rounds, too.”
Why would Black also be so interested in trying to secure military funding for Colombia? As Oxy’s oil operations expanded, acquiring military support proved increasingly vital for the company. Oxy was part owner of the Caño Limón-Coveñas oil pipeline. The Caño Limón pipeline leads from Arauca to the Caribbean coast and crosses through the U’wa’ traditional lands. Not surprisingly, Oxy’s activities quickly attracted the attention of left-wing guerrillas who repeatedly blew up the pipeline. The attacks caused more than $500 million in losses to the company between December 1999 and December 2000.
The U’wa had long feared that oil exploration would bring bloodshed and conflict within their ancestral lands.
And as it turned out, the Indians were right.
Soon enough, Colombia’s wider civil conflict began to spill over into U’wa traditional territory. In March 1999, three U’wa supporters from the United States—Terence Freitas, Ingrid Washinawotok, and Laheehae Gay—were kidnapped and killed by FARC guerrillas in the department of Arauca.
While it’s unclear whether Oxy had any direct involvement in the killings, the company is known to have had links to the guerrillas. In testimony given before a Congressional subcommittee, Lawrence Meriage, Oxy’s vice president for communication and public affairs, acknowledged that Occidental personnel regularly paid off guerrillas in exchange for being left alone.
Meriage also claimed during the hearing that one benefit of Occidental operations in the U’wa region had been the increased presence of government troops. Indeed, Oxy paid a fee to the Colombian government on every barrel of oil produced. Meriage said that Occidental supported increased US military assistance to Colombia, and even urged the United States to expand its military operations in Colombia
In an effort to expand military funding to Colombia, the company spent nearly $4 million lobbying Congress in Washington. The investment paid off when the US government agreed to provide military aid, equipment and training to the 18th Brigade in Arauca, a unit which had been involved in grave human rights violations including attacks against trade unions and other members of civil society.
In May 2002, following a massive outcry by environmental groups, Oxy finally announced that it would return its controversial oil block to the Colombian government. Nevertheless, the company continued to operate in Colombia. Currently, the oil firm occupies the Caño-Limón oil field located in the Llanos Basin in the northeastern part of the country. The company also holds a 35 percent interest in the Caricare field and has signed a production agreement with Ecopetrol to operate the La Cira-Infantas field in central Colombia.
Although Oxy’s Caño-Limón field has yielded hundreds of million dollars annually in profits, the pipeline has been an ongoing target for guerrilla forces. In 2007, Occidental again found itself in the midst of a human-rights mess. This time, the company was accused in congressional testimony of being “complicit”—with several other major corporations—in the murder of three labor leaders.
Hopelessly Compromised on Colombia
Despite these ominous developments, Black continued his lobbying efforts over at BKSH. Over the long haul the PR man’s loyalty to Occidental proved enormously lucrative, with Black netting $1.6 million in fees for BKSH from 2001 to 2007. Occidental was surely pleased with Black’s work: in 2003, Congress approved a special appropriation of nearly $100 million for the protection of oil pipelines in Colombia.
McCain’s aides have repeatedly argued that the senator’s presidential campaign does not have direct connections to companies represented by such advisers as Black. The Arizona senator’s handlers assert that McCain should not be held accountable for any company misdeeds nor should the public presume that McCain is unduly influenced by corporate interests.
Granted, McCain may claim that there is a degree of separation between Charlie Black and himself. There are several problems with this argument however.
To begin with McCain appointed Black to his position, which speaks volumes about McCain’s political priorities. In the second place, the Senator has a personal connection to Oxy through Ray Irani, Occidental’s chief executive. In 2008, Irani doled out $2,800 to McCain’s presidential campaign and a full $25,000 to the Republican National Committee. Irani could easily afford the donation: in 2007 he was the tenth highest paid CEO in the United States, raking in a whopping $34.2 million from Occidental.
Throughout his political career, McCain has protected Big Oil on Capitol Hill. The Arizona Senator has eagerly accepted Chevron and Occidental money to ensure his own success. The oil lobby, which is surely hoping for a McCain win come November, can count on its man to ensure a healthy “investment climate” in Iraq and Colombia. If anyone happens to interfere with petroleum investment, warrior President McCain can be relied upon to back up US oil operations with the full might and resources of the US military.
Nikolas Kozloff is the author of Revolution! South America and the Rise of the New Left (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008).
This story first appeared July 8 on NACLA News.
McCain Source, Progressive Media USA
Colombia page, Energy Information Administration, US Department of Energy
McCain Heads to Colombia, Already Tied to Country by Lobbyists
by Sam Stein, Huffington Post, July 1
“A Million Years in Iraq”—President McCain’s Dangerous Recruiting Poster for Insurgents
by Jon Soltz, Huffington Post, Jan. 4
BKSH & Associates
International Republican Institute
New York Times editorial on the IRI, Feb. 3, 2006
United Steelworkers press release on Occidental Petroleum complicity with human rights abuses in Colombia
July 22, 2008
OBAMA AND THE SCHOOL OF THE AMERICAS
from Weekly News Update on the Americas
World War 4 Report, July 2008
From our Daily Report:
FCC probe of Haiti telcom deal hits McCain backer
WW4 Report, July 29, 2008
Reprinted by World War 4 Report, Aug. 1, 2008
Reprinting permissible with attribution
Tags: 911, American Imperialism, BushCo., Energy, Middle East, PRopaganda
*The United States of Iran:
NOTE: Most of these images probably need to be clicked on, and this story can’t really be told without them.
This is a little perspective into the Iran war situation that is sure to be a big fuss after Iran’s Presidents badly worded remarks the other day. Pretty stupid if you ask me because normally he has it by the balls being the weaker nation that is threatened by invasion from imperial America.
In any case I’d still like to give everyone a little satire and a perspective of what must be going through the minds of the Iranians in light of the American threat. Sorry pro-war people, but Iran isn’t going to invade US or nuke us ‘just because’.
“…but no matter how you slice it (German Nazism, Italian Fascism & “Divine” Imperial Japan), it was just plain old militaristic imperialism.” – The United States Military, in the WW2 prpaganda film, “Why We Fight” Part 1 : Prelude To War.
Our Declaration of Independence would have been on February 1, 1979, after we retook our government from Iran. Before this, in 1953, they had overthrown our democratically elected leadership to install a repressive regime (admittedly to control our vast oil fields).
We eventually seized their embassy here in our country because it was an Iranian intelligence command center and because we were still upset after they had enslaved us with imperial force for almost 20 years. This would have given the Iranian government plenty of polarizing propaganda because the Iranian public wouldn’t have known of the real nature of the relations between their country and ours. Instead, all they’d know is that some crazy looking Christian guy over here started some Christian revolution and then took their guys hostage. That would polarize them for decades just so long as the masses never realized what the affair was really about. (Iranian Hostage Crisis)
We would have an extra sort of resentment because Iran would be a full blown empire-state, bent on global domination, who had been using underhand tricks and military force when needed to control half of the nations on our side of the hemisphere. To add insult to injury, those countries were all Christian while they were Muslims who were trying to convert us. This would further polarize us into our ‘national religion’ and would have masses of us in an uproar that the Iranians would refer to us crazy extremist terrorists. (American Imperialism)
We would have an extra sore spot when thinking of Iran for the audacity of helping to influence (a Canadian) Saddam Hussein, after putting him in power, and then helping to build his chemical and biological weapons programs so that they could help him maim and gas to kill some 500,000 of our people in a 10-year war. (Iran-Iraq War)
Shortly thereafter, we would have seen further evidence of Iran’s imperial posture after watching them tell the ‘Canadian Saddam‘ that they wouldn’t intervene if he invaded his oil rich neighbor and then invaded him after he did. Not before they fabricated an emotional account of ‘Canadian‘ forces throwing babies out of incubators to rally the Iranian people to gain support for the war. (Kuwaiti Incubator Babies Hoax)
As the rest of the world, we’d be anxiously watching Iran build their “New World Order” (as their president in 1990 referred to it as) with their backroom deals, underhanded tricks and military force when needed. A good example would have been when they used Al Qaeda (still our enemy in this narrative) as they went sector to sector in the Yugoslavia war-zone region, throughout the 1990’s, which they had helped to instigate in 1991 (Iran is still representing our actual actions, AND ally of Al Qaeda in this line) [we seemed to have used Al Qaeda in the Balkan’s in the late 90’s].
Finally, they would have secured the area to install their pipeline connecting to our nearby Caspian Sea (assuming our nation had the best access to it like in Iran’s case). We would have gotten an extra sense of patriotism on our 1st of February Day of Independence national holiday knowing that they would much rather enjoy our beach front real estate for their pipeline beyond their age old desire to control our nations physical resources. Nevertheless, we’d probably found their Afghanistan pipeline interests (to connect to the Caspian Sea) interesting since the Caspian Sea holds some 47 billion barrels of oil and 257 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Soon thereafter, the world would have watched them get attacked on September 11th. In the months following, their president would declare US as being part of the “Axis of Evil”. He would later refer to the war as a “crusade” and as “World War 3”.
In the months following, Iran then rather justifiably invaded Mexico, ‘to get’ “Osama” (Usama), but then in a fit of imperialism marched into Canada. Next they began a propaganda war not only in the world press, but even more so in their own country.
We’d probably be too shielded and busy to note how the Iranians don’t seem to mind that propaganda is psychological warfare even when their own government is using it against them to justify wars, but other societies probably would. We’re too busy sucking up all of our nations propaganda since both sides are using against their own people. But at the end of the day the best way to view it is who’s propaganda is more honest. In our case it would be to rally us in preparation of the imperial machine that has our country surrounded.
To them, their foaming at the mouth would be justified because we took their intelligence wing embassy as “hostages” after liberating them from enslaving our nation. For some strange reason they don’t seem to understand how their imperialism is no different than any of histories other empires when you stack the bodies.
The domination of the Caspian-region dreams of the ultra(neo)conservative political faction ‘The Project for a New Iranian Century‘ that has been holding the reign’s of the nation were about to come into their firm grip. All they need is for us “to attack them” to swing their public opinion and give their overlords the green light to march their empire into the final stronghold in the ‘oil rich kingdom’ of the world ‘North America‘.
In all fairness, it’s not like our hypothetical leadership is helping by making outlandish comments and claims while even allowing the state-run news sites convey poor translations of such. Our leadership is also ballsy in choosing to break OPEC standards and switch from trading oil in the Iranian Dollar to the Euro. Canadian Saddam performed the exact same stunt during Iran’s contested 2000 election and got himself hung.
It’s important not to disturb Iran’s “Dollar Hegemony” because there isn’t any gold backing their Dollar. Its value is artificial because the world has to trade in Iranian Dollars to purchase oil. It’s why their country needs national debt and income taxes, yet for some odd reason nobody knows about it. They (many of them anyways) assume that the wars are simply for securing the oil, but it goes even deeper to maintain Iranian Dollar Hegemony. They need the national debt and inflation to pay for the wars that are required to maintain their busted ass system.
Anyways, all is well here, for now, in the land of the “free” ‘Totalitarian Christo-Fascists‘. Those “Totalitarian Islamo-Fascists” have another thing coming if they think they’re going to take US down!